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FRA Compliance: Charting the Future of Rail Safety

The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) recently announced a significant new rule that’s set to elevate safety across America’s passenger rail networks.

The FRA’s Final Rule, 49 CFR § 229.136, requires the installation of inward and outward-facing cameras on all lead locomotives of passenger trains.

The purpose of this new regulation standard is to create a safer travel environment for millions of passengers by equipping locomotives with these image and audio recording devices.

As this technology becomes standard on locomotives, it will also provide invaluable insights and data that can help prevent accidents before they happen.

As so many industries are transformed by technology, this Final Rule is the next evolution for the rail industry and the way to a smarter, safer journey for every passenger.

Understanding the FRA’s Final Rule

At its core, the FRA’s Final Rule requires the installation of both inward and outward-facing video recorders on the lead locomotives of passenger trains.

The rule specifies that these video recorders must be operational at all times while the train is in motion. As part of this, the locomotive video and audio recording devices are also required to have self-monitoring features to assess whether the system is operating properly.

This continuous operation is crucial for capturing a comprehensive view of both the train’s interior and its external environments, helping to paint a complete picture in the event of an incident.

They must also record the most recent 12 hours of operation. By capturing this footage, investigators can gain insights into the events leading up to an incident, helping to identify both the causes and potential preventive measures.

This analysis is vital for developing strategies that enhance safety and prevent future accidents.

The Final Rule also provides guidelines for using recordings to conduct operational tests and compliance evaluations. These guidelines empower rail operators to assess their employees’ adherence to operating rules and federal regulations, ensuring that train operations meet the highest safety standards.

CHMM: Elevating Rail Safety Beyond FRA Requirements

One of the most important aspects of the FRA’s Final Rule is the requirement for ensuring reliable recording.

In a significant advancement in rail safety technology, Gatekeeper introduces the Crash Hardened Memory Module (CHMM) as a solution for FRA compliance.

Specifically designed for the rail industry to meet and exceed the latest FRA regulations, CHMM is a reliable and efficient way to capture and store critical data onboard locomotives.

Central to CHMM’s innovation is its ability to combine with Gatekeeper’s G4 Vision and Health Check system. This integrated solution utilizes an AI-enabled service that self-monitors and automatically reports on system health, a feature designed to guarantee the continuous operational integrity of recording devices.

This advanced monitoring capability ensures that any system issue is quickly identified and corrected.

CHMM systems are also engineered to provide over 12 hours of continuous video and audio recording, capturing every critical moment of train operation.

The CHMM has a crashworthy design and has been specifically designed to preserve critical data in the event of an accident.

This commitment to data integrity in extreme conditions not only meets the FRA’s requirements but exceeds them, ensuring that vital information for post-accident analysis and future safety improvements is reliably secured.

By focusing on advanced diagnostics and operational integrity, CHMM offers a comprehensive solution that addresses the core safety concerns outlined in the FRA’s Final Rule.

It’s a proactive approach to rail safety, one that leverages innovative technology to offer rail operators a system that complies with current regulations and sets a new benchmark for safety and reliability.

The design of CHMM also prioritizes seamless integration with existing locomotive systems, accommodating both new installations and retrofits.

It’s a solution designed to be adaptable and it ensures rail operators can upgrade their systems to meet FRA standards.

Gatekeeper’s CHMM, with its blend of advanced monitoring, seamless integration, and unparalleled data protection, is an indispensable tool in the rail industry’s ongoing journey toward achieving the highest standards of safety and compliance.

It exemplifies how technological innovation can be harnessed to meet regulatory expectations and lead towards safer, more secure rail travel.

Countdown to Compliance

Included in the FRA’s Final Rule are important deadlines for compliance.

The timeline outlined by the FRA is as follows:

  • For Existing Operations: All intercity passenger and commuter railroads are required to install compliant image recording systems on the lead locomotives of their passenger trains by October 12, 2027. This window offers rail operators ample time to retrofit existing locomotives with the necessary equipment to meet the new safety standards.
  • For New Installations: Beginning October 12, 2024, any locomotive image recording system installed on new, remanufactured, or existing passenger train lead locomotives must meet the specifications detailed in the Final Rule. This includes the critical requirement that the last twelve hours of data recorded be stored in a memory module that meets existing crashworthiness standards.

The requirement for these recording devices supplements the existing regulations surrounding locomotive event recorders, which already mandate the recording of numerous operational parameters for trains traveling over 30 mph.

This layered approach to data collection and preservation is designed to enhance the rail industry’s ability to conduct thorough accident and incident investigations and implement preventative measures effectively.


The FRA’s Final Rule is a transformative step forward for the rail industry, one that emphasizes using innovative technology to protect passengers. By requiring both inward and outward-facing cameras on all lead locomotives, this regulation will set a new standard for safety and transparency.

This rule has the ability to help provide a deeper understanding of the causes that led to incidents and accidents and empowers rail operators to implement more effective safety measures and operational improvements.

By leveraging the latest in technology and data analysis, the Final Rule is an opportunity to anticipate and mitigate risks, ensuring that passenger safety is always the top priority.

The FRA’s Final Rule is not just about meeting today’s safety standards but about shaping the future of rail travel. It’s an industry-wide evolution where technology and operations converge to create safer, more reliable travel.